Physics of Particle and Astroparticle Detectors
Week 1 :
- Experimental particle physics
The general physical observables, concepts and layouts of particle physics experiments will be introduced. This course will also briefly review particle accelerators and their interplay with experiments.
- Experimental cosmology
Over the last 20 years, cosmology has become a mature experimental discipline that now brings prime importance insights for understanding the fundamental laws of nature. After a brief introduction to modern cosmology, this course will focus on the lastest measurements, the experimental techniques employed today or envisaged in the future to further progress in the comprehension of our Universe and its content.
- Experimental astroparticle physics
A few selected topics among the most emblematic subjects describing some physical observables and how they are measured in astroparticle experiments will be given.
Week 2 :
- Interaction of particles with matter
An in-depth introduction of how particles interact with matter and thereby induce detectable signals.
A useful lecture to master the concepts and physical quantities which are at stake when measuring radiation exposure for human protection and experimental equipment hardness.
Introduction to the concepts and the techniques used to measure charged particle tracks in various environments, on particle colliders or in space.
- Machine Learning
Introduction to machine learning, multivariate discriminants and decision trees
- Lab sessions
Week 3 :
Introduction to the concepts and the techniques used in particle energy measurement through total absorption both in high-energy and astroparticle experiments.
- Toolkit for Multivariate Analysis (TMVA)
A ROOT-integrated machine learning environment for the processing and parallel evaluation of multivariate classification and regression techniques.
- Muon detection
A state-of-the-art introduction to the detection of muons on colliders, in surface, underground and undersea experiments.
- Imaging and Cherenkov detectors
How fluorescence and the Cherenkov effect can be used to measure/image particles in collider experiments and giant astroparticle showers.
- Particle identification
Introduction to the delicate art of identifying particles by carefully combining their recorded signals.
- Lab sessions
Week 4 :
- Detector simulation
An introduction to the general concepts of detector simulation, Monte-Carlo methods, illustrated by the use of Geant 4.
- Hands-on C++ programming
A practical introduction to C++ object-oriented programming, the reference language in high-energy physics computing.
- Computing sessions
These sessions will help students acquire the basic technical skills in computing, in particular in C++ programming, G4 simulation, data analysis with ROOT, etc ...