Course 1

Physics of Particle and Astroparticle Detectors

 

Week 1 :

- Experimental subatomic physics
The general physical observables, concepts and layouts of particle  physics experiments will be introduced. This course will also briefly review particle accelerators and their interplay with experiments.

 

- Experimental cosmology
Over the last 20 years, cosmology has become a mature experimental discipline that now brings  prime importance insights for understanding the fundamental laws of nature. After a brief introduction to modern cosmology, this course will focus on the lastest measurements, the experimental techniques employed today or envisaged in the future to further progress in the comprehension of our Universe and its content.

 

- Experimental astroparticle physics
A few selected topics among the most emblematic subjects describing some physical observables and how they are measured in astroparticle  experiments will be given.

 

Week 2 :

- Interaction of particles with matter
An in-depth introduction of how particles interact with matter and thereby induce detectable signals.

 

- Tracking
Introduction to the concepts and the techniques used to measure charged particle tracks in various environments, on particle colliders or in space.

 

- Lab sessions
Organized at CERN, the purpose of these lab sessions is to give students the opportunity to train on real setups which are emblematic of  particle detectors : muon detection with resistive plate chambers, silicon detectors, Silicon Photo Multipliers, etc.

 

- Radioprotection

A useful lecture to master the concepts and physical quantities which are at stake when measuring radiation exposure for human protection and experimental equipment hardness.

 

- Stochastic &  Statistical aspects (part 1)
By nature, all subatomic observables are stochastic. This course will briefly recall the general mathematical concepts that govern stochastic processes and will touch the latest developments of statistical methods which are in use in contemporary physics experiments to carry out sophisticated data analyses.

 

Week 3 :

- Calorimetry
Introduction to the concepts and the techniques used in particle energy measurement through total absorption both in high-energy and astroparticle experiments.

 

- Statistical and stochastic aspects (part 2)
By nature, all subatomic observables are stochastic. This course will briefly recall the general mathematical concepts that govern stochastic processes and will touch the latest developments of statistical methods which are in use in contemporary physics experiments to carry out sophisticated data analyses.

 

- Imaging and Cherenkov detectors 
How fluorescence and the Cherenkov effect can be used to measure/image particles in collider experiments  and giant astroparticle showers.

 

- Muon detection
A state-of-the-art introduction to the detection of muons on colliders, in surface, underground and undersea experiments.

 

- Lab sessions 
Organized at CERN, the purpose of these lab sessions is to give students the opportunity to train on real setups which are emblematic of  particle detectors : muon detection with resistive plate chambers, silicon detectors, Silicon Photo Multipliers, etc.

 

Week 4 :

- Detector simulation
An introduction to the general concepts of detector simulation, Monte-Carlo methods, illustrated by the use of Geant 4.

 

- Hands-on C++ programming
A practical introduction to  C++ object-oriented programming, the reference language in high-energy physics computing.

 

- Computer sessions
 organized at ESI in Archamps, these sessions will help students acquire the basic technical skills in computing, in particular in  C++ programming, G4 simulation, data analysis with ROOT, etc ...

 

- Particle identification
Introduction to the delicate art of identifying particles by carefully combining their recorded signals.